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Sunday, 8 June 2014

Architecture has given us some of the most exciting and remarkable buildings on the planet. What constitutes exceptional architecture has changed massively in recent years. Now, architecture is still centred on the appearance of a building, but things like the environmental impact and carbon footprint of buildings are also now considered important.

At the same time, architecture also gives us some great mistakes that provide us all with a good laugh. Here are our top 10 in that particular category.

1. 20 Fenchurch Street


The Walkie-Talkie, London
This distinctive new building in Central London, in the shape of a walkie-talkie, actually looks quite good, but the fact that it reflected sunlight and partially melted a brand new Jaguar a few months ago gets it the top spot here. Surely, someone should have thought that this would happen at some stage?

2. First World Hotel, Malaysia


First World Hotel, Malaysia
To be honest, we quite like this, but it looks more like something you’d expect to find at a Legoland Resort rather than to represent one of the world’s most notable hotel brands. It looks like it has been decorated during a painting festival. By blindfolded people.

3. Fang Yuang Building


Fang Yuang Building, China
This building, which you’ll find in Shenyang, China, was supposed to look like an ancient piece of Chinese currency. It looks more like a magnifying glass or an eye filled with CCTV cameras, and isn’t something we’d be rushing to have on our street!

4. Federation Square


Federation Square, Australia
Architecture in Australia is famous for being both different and for helping with environmental initiatives. Federation Square takes things to far, however, with its outer fa├žade appearing to pay tribute to what happens when machinery gets out of control in a metal and glass factory.

5. Mirador Housing


Mirador Housing, Madrid
This building is simply awful. Trying to make a housing complex in Madrid stand out above all others, it certainly achieves this, but it is because it is an eyesore rather than anything that wows the mind. It wouldn’t look out of place on an estate populated with burnt out houses at every turn.

6. National Library of Belarus


National Library of Belarus
If there is one thing the old Soviet states have given to us, it is a lot of awful architecture. In fairness, this is their way of showing how modern they have become, but with buildings like this you’d think they’d simply hijacked a random office block in a British town like Slough.

7. Aldar Properties Building


Aldar Properties Building
This Dubai build looks similar to the Fang Yuang Building, but the fact it is on its own and looks like a monocle sitting at the edge of the desert, somehow makes it so much worse!

8. American Dream Meadowlands


American Dream Meadowlands
This is the one project on this list that could yet be saved, given that construction was recently taken over by the Triple Five Group. That said, the exterior seems to be as good as complete, so it might be a few years before the random colour schemes and candy shop appearance are eradicated forever.

9. EMP Museum


EMP Museum
Although this building is celebrated throughout Seattle and Washington State, it is hard to get past the sheer randomness of the place, which makes it an architectural disaster. It starts when you first see the building, and then gets much worse.

10. ArcelorMittal Orbit


ArcelorMittal Orbit, London Olympic Park
For those who do not recognise the name, this is the horrific, helter skelter gone wrong looking sculpture that is standing in London’s Olympic Park. The sooner someone buys this and does something productive with it, the better!

Modern architecture is brilliant, but it is awful at times, too, and these are definitely the worst examples from recent times!

Alex Reynolds
Author

Published: 23.10.13 at 20:54
Editor: Ryan Holland, CEO

About the Author
Alex loves architecture but is also interested in interior design, too. He has recently purchased sliding wardrobe doors from Superglide Wardrobes, and is planning to buy more furniture to complement his home in the near future.

Sunday, 8 June 2014

Hong Kong covers an area of 1,092 square kilometres, and is officially recognised as being the most densely populated city on earth. There are twice as many skyscrapers (buildings of at least 14 stories) in Hong Kong, when compared to its nearest rival city, New York.


Architectural influences are typically gathered from traditional Chinese designs. Feng Shui, the consideration of wind and water, is also taken into account by many Hong Kong based architects who aim to 'harmonize everyone with their surroundings'.


Hong Kong Skyline from Victoria Peak
Due to Hong Kong's lack of available space, there are very few historical buildings left, as many have been cleared to create modern high technologically innovative skyscrapers. Hong Kong has, unbelievably, the most amount of skyscrapers, over 150 meters in height, compared to any other city in the world. This gives Hong Kong the right to be classed as having the best skyline in the world.

Prior to being a British Colony, Hong Kong was mainly dominated by traditional Chinese buildings, mainly temples, serving the population. 

After Hong Kong became a British Colony, the British introduced Victorian and Edwardian architectural styles in the mid 19th century. Notable buildings that have survived the test of time include the Legislative Council Building, the Central Police Station and Murray House.

File:Chi Lin Nunnery 8, Mar 06.JPG
Traditional Chinese Architecture meets modern western Architecture
The first building in Hong Kong classified as a High Rise building was constructed between 1904 and 1905. It consisted of five buildings, each stacked 6 stories high. 

Most high rise buildings that were built after this time were mainly for business purposes, such as the HongKongBank, built in 1935, now replaced by the HSBC Main Building. 

In the 1990's the demand for high rise buildings was around the location of 'Central' (the main business district of Hong Kong).

Hong Kong International Airport

Hong Kong is also home to the the Hong Kong International Airport, completed in 1998, and located on Chek Lap Kok island. Widely considered to be one of the most impressive feats of civil and structural engineering, and designed by English architect, Sir Norman Foster the island is mostly reclaimed land, designed specifically for the airport.

Bridges, roads, tunnels, services and rail routes where are included in the project, which had a very ambitious and optimistic 10-20 year programme.

Hong Kong International Airport is built upon an artificial island

Sunday, 8 June 2014

Once you have decided that you want to build your new home or start a renovation, you then must start the process of hiring a reputable builder to construct your new home to your style specifications and most importantly, your budget. 

Unfortunately not everyone can take charge of the construction of their home so you will have to rely on a builder to get the job done right. You’ll be investing a lot of money in a company, trusting them with the safe and proper construction of your home or renovation so it’s normal to feel a little nervous about picking the right one. 

However, there are a few tips to get you on the right track, like questions you should ask and things to think about when you're in the process of hiring a construction company.


When choosing the building company for your home, don’t choose a builder that only builds to the minimum standard. You can still stick to a budget while hiring a quality builder, chances are that builder will also help you stick to your budget too, informing you of any developments along the way. 

It’s important to look into your builder’s reputation, you'll want to dig deep to get an idea of their business history. This means requesting and verifying proof that they are currently licensed for your area. Other items to check up on include paying employees legally and having business insurance that covers workers compensation, property damage and liability insurance. 

If they are a member of a builder’s association, even better. This fact should be proudly displayed on their website, so it’s easy for you to access their awards and accreditation. 

Ask them for a few projects that they have recently completed, they should have a recent and comprehensive list of clients that they can refer to. 

If possible, ask to have a look at a house they have recently completed or is nearly complete. This way you can have a real idea of the quality of their work, styles of architecture, and perhaps get a few ideas for your new home or renovation.


Something that is often overlooked when choosing a construction company is how well they are able to communicate with you. A builder may have all the best qualifications in the world, but if they can’t communicate with you, they are pretty much useless. 

It’s your home that you are placing in their hands so you want to know that they have a perfect understanding of what you want to achieve, your budget, and if they will pick up the phone when you have any questions.

Finally, before you hire a contractor, you should ask if they can give you with a fixed start and end date so you have an idea of the timeline, this way you can monitor their progress and check that they are working to schedule. 

With these things in mind, you will surely have a beautiful new home in no time.

Ivy Delfin
Guest Writer

Editor: Ryan Holland

About the Writer

Ivy Delfin is a copywriter working with Sherbrooke Design & Construction where you are in safe, reliable and professional hands. Proud on being leaders in design and offering clients superb quality at all levels of construction. Sherbrooke Design & Construction is renowned in the industry for a fastidious attention to detail and as a result have been recognised with numerous industry awards. When Ivy's not writing content she enjoys swimming, shopping and taking her dogs for a walk

Sunday, 8 June 2014

'Compact living' has been the focus of many online articles for quite some time now. 

A, now ex-dragon, from the BBC Two show 'Dragons Den' has been involved in the design and development of a small studio flat. 

The one catch though? 

The studio can be transformed into 4 different rooms, all in the same space!

Bedroom and Living Area occupy the same 'floorplan space'
Dining Area is sunken into the floor, and can be used as floor space when 'stored away'

Development and regeneration space in cities are becoming even more elusive. Instead of spreading out your living area, it would surely make sense to compact them all into one space. 

Although this is a great idea in theory, the actual execution in this example is lacking a little 'magic'. 

Currently, the prototype design means that all of the components of the different room have to either slide from the walls, ceiling or floor. This ultimately means that even though the intention was to save space, the same amount of space is being used, due to all of the components being hidden in the walls.

There is also the practicality issue as well.

For example, say you invite some friends around for dinner, and you want to watch the TV afterwards? That involves having to tidy up the entire dining area. Once all of this is done you still can't relax since you have to unpack the living area! 

Hassle or what!



So whilst compact living may be an intuitive 'idea', it is still not a realistic 'template' for the future. 

The main issue with these types of designs is it is made hideously complicated, even before the general mechanics have been tested out.


The ArchitectWeekly Team

Sunday, 8 June 2014

More than a hundred years later, Art Nouveau or ‘New Art’ continues to define many-a-structure with its characteristic whiplashes, coils and foliage. With just a difference in the material, it passes off as ‘New Style’ in some parts of the world, even today. As a movement, Art Nouveau replaced the Neoclassicist and Romanticist tendencies of the Beaux-Arts, with more natural and organic ornamentation. The movement spanned across Painting, Literature, Architecture and other spheres of art.

Movements like Art Nouveau cannot be analyzed singly as they are often, the consequence of a number of social and political under-currents that make themselves visible sooner or later. As a concept, change is quite difficult to accept as we tend to vouch for the familiar everywhere. The slightest degree of dissimilarity strikes us as ‘foreign’ and we take time to adjust to it, consciously registering every effort towards it. The first sound of a human being is the ‘cry’ after his birth. It is the first in many episodes of change that naturally, triggers an uncomfortable response- a cry.



Similarly, when social upheavals make their way into our lives, we respond by what we do best- resist. While many might say that Art Nouveau eventually did categorize itself as a decorative style and in that respect, was not much separated from the earlier romanticist styles but the flexibility of iron and the idea of decorating structures- irrespective of public or private domain- along with signboards that looked like an extension of the aesthetic language that Art Nouveau was propagating. For instance, the Metro entrance pavilion in Paris by Hector Guimard, or the interior of the Van Eetvelde House or Hotel Tassel in Brussels by Victor Horta, exemplify the extensive use of cast-iron panels and arches that swept across with animated precision, creating a surreal environment punctuated with whiplashes and scrolls.

Newer structures, as they are built, either shock passers-by or engage them in their stylistic qualities. These reactions are part of the larger picture, the revolution brought about by small changes, dissent with the status quo and a need for change. These ‘revolutions’ often raised uproar accompanied by supporting theories and a vibrant visual scenario with people expressing individuality by either supporting the trending style or opposing it. Gradually, people accept newer styles when they become the norm and are not ‘new’ anymore but as that happens, a section of the population is already voicing concerns about its relevance and the cycle continues. Trails of leftover styles, theories and formal language mark their once-celebrated presence.


Interestingly, Art Nouveau has its origins embedded in typography and poster design. Graphic design was riding the wave of ‘modernism’ which made itself apparent in the works of Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Arthur Heygate Mackmurdo and Walter Crane. The nascent effects of globalization were evident in the ubiquity of floral graphics as seen in far-Eastern imagery and motifs used by Japanese artist Katsushika Hokusai in woodcuts. Hokusai’s fine, wriggly lines with emphasis on the organic, curvilinear nature of his subject- usually nature itself, replicated themselves in the works of crafts persons working with iron and other materials that could imitate nature as closely as possible. As balustrades, sign boards, door handles and window frames began curling into leaves, creepers and exotic grasses, an architectural language began being developed- one that took the curvilinear and organic vocabulary a step further, banishing edges and rectilinear forms for smoother, line-free facades.  

The beginnings of Art Nouveau lie in Brussels, where an economic boom led to the development of the middle classes and an interest in patronizing architecture. Brussels was defined by a conglomeration of tiny, rural plots and Haussmann’s Paris model could not be applied to it. Land was divided in small plots and as a result, houses were small, narrow and many in number. The challenging urban scenario with restricting municipal building regulations led Belgian architect Victor Horta to design what later became known as a characteristic Art Nouveau feature- the whiplash, which was essentially an elongated or elliptical curve that was quite commonly seen then in the decorative arts. In Barcelona, Spanish architect Antoni Gaudi who was also skilled in carpentry, ironwork etc, designed buildings and undertook a number of landscaping projects like Can Artigas Gardens, Guell Park, Casa Vicens etc. Gaudi’s style was categorized as ‘Catalan Modernism’ and he morphed spaces into an undulating continuity of solid and void, heavily referencing natural habitat, ecology and other organisms. From its initial stages, the movement took a turn towards merely pleasing the eye and works produced later, exhibit flamboyance in the use of material resources more than a reaction to the social or political environment.

Gradually, due to its ornate nature, and the widespread borrowing of motifs from starkly different contexts, Art Nouveau as a group of ideals that strived to create something ‘new’, eventually stagnated and got reduced to a repetition of patterns and symbols without any relationship of to the whole. The idea of using a resource that was not as freely or economically available, to build something that had little or no function, apart from appearing stylistic became redundant. The next leap clearly seemed to be towards getting rid of excessive decoration and as many at that time said, “being honest” to the methods of architecture or ‘honest architecture’.

What people meant by ‘honest architecture’ was highly subjective as the years that followed, saw a variety of honest buildings- for some, honesty was about leaving facades unembellished and for some others, honesty was about accepting the rectilinear form. Many versions stayed and till today, they have evolved and adapted to newer cities and changing times.

Yasra Daud Khoker
Author

Published: 02.01.13 at 21:00
Editor: Ryan Holland, CEO

About the Author
Yasra Daud Khoker has a degree in Interior Design from the American University of Sharjah. She is an art critic and artist who divides her time between Dubai and Jaipur. Yasra can be contacted at yasrakhoker@yahoo.com

      To see how you can become a guest writer, click HERE

Sunday, 8 June 2014

Modernism, as we know it, has been around for about 50 years. We've seen many different stages of development though out this period, from Brutalism in the 60's and 70's, de-cluttering in the 90's and careful colour selection from the Millennium onwards.

Practically every single building that we look at today, which was designed within the last 30 years, all have one thing in common. Geometry. 

The following images are examples of completed projects that all follow the fundamental rule of the Modernist Movement. Carefully incorporating geometry as the fundamental principle of the design. Whether that be horizontal lines, acute angles, defined shapes, etc.

Sosnowski, Arizona
Copyright: http://simbiosisgroup.net/14006/sosnowski-residence-chen-suchart-studio-llc-us
Unknown, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Copyright: http://www.designsnext.com/architecture/10-modern-architectural-design-ideas.html
Burj KhlaifaDubai, United Arab Emirates
Copyright: http://dubaidhow.com/blog/dubai-city-tour-burj-khalifa/
The Shard, UK
Copyright: Ryan Holland; 2013

Comparison of the Kingdom Tower and The Shard
The Shard is a good example of the Modernism that we can currently expect to see, as it's easily recognisable, due to the angular outline that is created by the different 'shards'. 

But then again can't the same be said for the newly proposed 'Kingdom Tower'. It follows that same outline, uses virtually the same materials and the only distinguishable difference appears to be it's height (and the heli-pad obviously!).

So what can architects do to ensure that their project is completely different to other buildings? Well, they either have to be even more inventive with their use of geometric shapes, or turn towards more ornamental features, which will enhance the basic outline.

These ornamental additions are not part of the Modernist philosophy, however, so we appear to be turning back towards the more fluid shapes that were involved in the Art Nouveau Style. 

Currently, interior design seems to be taking a lead in this direction. Incorporating fluid shapes within a building can create dramatic shadows and spaces that would not be achieved if the space was as de-cluttered and minimalist as possible.

Hopefully, architecture in general will eventually catch-up with this ethos, and we could be in line for some highly impressive buildings, that deal more with the effects on the interior (lighting, space management, crowd control), rather than the external aesthetics.

The ArchitectWeekly Team

Published: 28.04.14
Writer: Ryan Holland, CEO

Sources:
  1. http://www.visitbritainshop.com/world/articles-and-features/about-the-shard-ten-facts-you-didnt-know.html
  2. http://www.skyscrapercenter.com/jeddah/kingdom-tower/2/
  3. http://www.open.edu/openlearn/history-the-arts/history/heritage/modernist-architecture-roots-1920-1929

Sunday, 8 June 2014


With the next academic year not long away and the all important UCAS deadline approaching, you may want to start considering what equipment you're going to require for your course. 

Studying an architecture degree is a creative process, right? That's the whole reason why you've chosen it. You most probably, in the back of your mind at least, want to become the world renowned architect which we often feature here on ArchitectWeekly, designing insane 'mega' skyscrapers in Dubai. So, what's stopping you from reaching this goal? Well it comes down to not having the essential equipment that your course requires.

Top 10 Essentials at a Glance
  1. A (Good!) Laptop
  2. Mechanical Pencils
  3. Artists Pencils
  4. Scale Ruler
  5. Adjustable Set Square
  6. Course Books
  7. Metal Ruler
  8. Scalpel
  9. A3 Cutting Matt
  10. A3 Tracing Paper

A Good Laptop
Buying a laptop is a big investment, you're not going to be replacing it a year later, so getting the right one is crucial. Had you of studied an architecture degree 20 years ago, this section wouldn't have existed. But, like with everything else, technology has improved at an incredible rate. We are now in a position to be able to do things such as visualising our designs in a 3D environment, on screen, without ever really needing to print anything out. Files can be emailed through instantly to clients, with feedback even received the same day, rather than a week later by post.

This added accessibility comes with one major drawback however, needing the processing power to be able to manage the complex equations required to work out things such as the shadow orientations in Google Sketchup or Dynamic Energy Efficiency in BIM. 

What do we recommend?


1.  A decent amount of RAM, at least 4GB is essential, but most modern laptops (2013+) have upwards of 6GB, which makes work flow smoother, and high end rendering quicker.

2. A separate graphics card, ideally NVIDIA GeForce Graphics Cards, which improve performance when rendering in 3D and improves feedback response in general.

2. A large(ish) hard-drive, preferably SSD. A Solid State Drive, allows you to access your documents quicker than a standard hard drive. This improves your work flow, especially when dealing with large documents, such as CAD files. The downside to SSD's though is the reduction in memory space, with around 200GB - 250GB being common.

3. A good keyboard and track pad. Make sure to go and physically test out your chosen laptop BEFORE you buy it, as some models has larger separation gaps between keys, which could take some time to get used to.

A Good Mechanical Pencil
Some of you here will be thinking that all of your architecture coursework can all be done on the computer, and to some extent you'd be correct. However, depending on the University, there will be more emphasis placed on technical drawing and rough sketches of your project. This is to show how important it is to detail each stage of the design process. This better prepares you for the 'real world' where documenting each stage of any process is vital for other people to understand your reasoning for altering specific elements.

A good mechanical pencil is ideal, however artists pencils are also required if you need to draw an artist's impression of the design, with shadowing effects (etc).

What do we recommend?




A Reliable and Fast Internet Connection
Most computers in the Library (LRC), and in the architecture studio will have the necessary software and processing power that you need to complete your coursework. They will also have the fastest Internet connection available, which is important if you regularly upload/download large files from the Cloud (Dropbox, Google Drive, etc).

What you also need to consider is the Internet speed in your accommodation block, assuming that you like to leave work till the night before its due, and a slow Internet connection as just something else to worry about. Most accommodation blocks outsource their Internet usage through a private company, and it can be possible to bump up your measly 15Mb/s connection to over 50Mb/s (also useful for downloading films and TV shows!)

The Correct Books
This is an important one, and also very obvious! Revising from the wrong books will ultimately mean that you're going to end up learning things  that aren't on your course, and won't be in the exam. Our new Book Store gives you general books for architecture degrees, but you'll need to ask your professor which specific books to buy.

The ArchitectWeekly Team

Published: 27.03.14
Writer: Ryan Holland, CEO

Sources:
Amazon.com, Amazon, 25.03.14

Sunday, 8 June 2014

3 min read
Image Credit: Ryan Holland, 2013
The View from the Shard is the new public viewing platform, occupying the highest habitable levels of The Shard. 

Shard Fact File:

  • 309.6 metres (1,016ft) high.
  • 11,000 glass panels.
  • 54,000 m3 of concrete.
  • The total piles supporting the building would measure 13.7km if laid end to end.
  • 44 lifts, including double-decker lifts.
  • 306 flights of stairs.
  • 95% of the construction materials are recycled.
  • There are 72 habitable floors.
  • The top 9 floors in the 'Spire' are open to the elements.
  • The Shard is the tallest building in Europe.

Spread over 3 floors, 69 through to 72, the viewing gallery allows awe-inspiring panoramic views over London. Floor to ceiling windows allow a 35-40 mile viewing range on a clear day.

The journey to level 69,  is comprised of two lift journeys. The first is to level 33 and from the their you travel the remaining distance. Both lifts travel at about 6 metres per second, meaning the entire time to get to the top is around 2-3 minutes, pretty impressive! 

When the lift doors open you are faced with a Western view of London.

The view from the lifts
Image Credit: Ryan Holland, 2013
Level 69
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
When you are satisfied that you've worked out were the most famous of London's landmarks are, it is time to take the 3 flights of stairs up to the 72nd floor. When you reach this floor you may be surprised to find that it is open to the elements, not a room as you may have imagined. This is lovely on a summers day, but otherwise...

Not for the faint hearted!
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
In the foreground, the Walkie Talkie building
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Level 72
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Don't forget to look UP!
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
Image Credit: Ryan Holland 2013
The ArchitectWeekly Team

Published: 25.10.13 at 08:00
Writer: Ryan Holland, CEO
Editor: Tom Marland. Editor

Re-Published: 29.04.14 at 15:22GMT

Sunday, 8 June 2014

Architecture. We all benefit from when it works well, when a space has a layout that is considerate to the people using it and is aesthetically pleasing to the eye. It can also go horrendously wrong with the most often case resulting in people getting frustrated with a building's design or internal layout. 


Architectural Interior Sketch of Sports Facility

To check out some great examples of architecture check out our most popular Pinterest Board 

Architects are the people who have to understand how we interact on a daily basis, so it's understandable that they are required to study for at least 7 years (UK). Throughout their training they develop an array of skills that are required both in the practise of Architecture, or in any other job. Skills such as communication, group work, mathematical and physics understanding, creativity... the list goes on.

So then, what can an Architect do to ensure that we are able to enjoy a space? Well, it's all about making sure that they understand the client's needs and aspirations for the perfect project. Careful consideration needs to be taken in the early stages of a project, since it is at this time that the general principles will be laid out, such as scale and layout. After this, it can be difficult for both parties to be able to re-imagine a completely new design change.


Getting this stage wrong can result in a dysfunctional building, with the client having to adapt to the building, rather than the intention of the building adapting to them.

Architecture. It's not just sketching pretty pictures!

The ArchitectWeekly Team


Published: 06.04.14 at 21:06
Writer: Ryan Holland, CEO
Editor: Tom Marland, Editor

Sources

Sunday, 8 June 2014


Dubai has changed a lot in the past 30 years, it's construction industry is now one of the most proficient in the world, and most buildings appear to hold some Record Breaking title, from World's Tallest Building (Burj Khalifa), to the most luxurious hotel (Burj Al Arab). It's no surprise then that, due to the endless amounts of money and investment available, architects are able to try out new groundbreaking designs, with limited risk.

Architect Dr. David Fisher, Founder of Dynamic Architecture has envisaged a slightly different future for the construction industry in Dubai, than what can currently be seen. He sees a way for buildings and skyscrapers to be able to become self reliant, constantly changing, and all whilst providing the comfort and home necessities that Dubai's elite have come to expect.

The firms latest innovation, known simply as 'Dynamic Tower', is a 80 floor, 420 metres high skyscraper, which is capable of generating it's own electricity via the output of 48 wind turbines mounted between each floor level. Our only concern would be how loud these wind turbines actually are, as the ferocious desert winds flow through the building.


There is another interesting addition however. As you may have guessed, each floor is able to rotate independently in both directions. This means that as you sit in your office, or read a book in bed, your view will be constantly changing every time you look up, sounds great, right?

Externally, things begin to get really interesting. The almost 'rectangular' floor sections create a constantly changing pattern, from fluid and smooth, through to random assortments of angles, which vaguely resemble a Jenga game gone horrendously wrong!

The ArchitectWeekly Team

Published: 10.03.14
Writer: Ryan Holland, CEO
All information contained within this article was correct at the time of publishing to the best of our knowledge. Please contact us if you believe an update is required/necessary.

Cite this Article:
Ryan Holland. (2014). A Self-Sustaining and Rotating Skyscraper Planned for Dubai. Available: http://www.architectweekly.com/2014/03/a-self-sustaining-and-rotating.html. Last Accessed: <DATE>.