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Why was the Bauhaus Movement so Important for Modern Architecture?


'The Bauhaus' is actually the name of the design school that taught the style. It was founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar and operated between 1919 - 1933.

Even though the influences are clearly architectural, the school did not actually have an architecture department. Instead, they explored the style through the use of artistic design and sculptures.

They insisted on using only primary colours, red, blue and yellow. This colour palette, coupled with very simple geometric shapes, led to a distinct ideology of what the Bauhaus Style designs should resemble

Of course, the Bauhaus style does not just influence architectural design, it encompasses everything from tables to chairs, even bikes!

They aimed to create products that were simple in design and could be easily mass produced. Some Bauhaus designers even tried to create an 'International Style', which would be suitable for all countries, cultures and traditions.

Key People
Throughout the time that the Bauhaus Design School operated, the professors that were employed were all well respected in their own fields, whether that be architecture, design or art. They all had diverse backgrounds and therefore taught each module from a different perspective, meaning that the courses were all well-defined and comprehensive.

GropiusWalter Gropius
  • Architect and Founder/Director of the Bauhaus Design School. 
  • His ideologies as an architect determined the initial courses offered, and therefore the fundamental philosophy of the Bauhaus Movement.

Johannes Itten
  • Itten fascinated by the use of the color, and was responsible for the inclusion of the primary colors, and disclusion of other shades/tones.
  • Initially taught the preliminary 'Basics' course at the Bauhaus Design School.
  • Eventually left, as the Movement was not in keeping with his existing design philosophy’s.
Moholy-NagyLaszlo Moholy-Nagy
  • Took over the teaching of the prelimiary 'Basics' course in 1932 after Johannes Itten had left the movement.

Example Products

Bauhaus inspired furniture

Bauhaus inspired furniture

Bauhaus inspired furniture

Bauhaus inspired bike

Architectural Examples

Bauhaus-inspired Modern Architecture
So what makes Bauhaus so important with relation to modernism and contemporary structures? Well, the answer is simple. In every single modern building there are two distinctive options that an architect can choose when designing a scheme for their client. 

You can play it safe and basically replicate one of the other hundreds of modernist buildings that are dotted around cities such as London and New York. 

Or you can take a step back and apply the general principles of the Bauhaus, ending up with a remarkable looking building, simply by using geometric shapes and unusual angles. We personally think that the buildings below have been designed in such a way, that they subtly reference the Bauhaus, with the inclusion of modern design styles.

Modern Architecture, with Bauhaus inspired elements

Modern Architecture, with Bauhaus inspired elements
All of the buildings above were clearly designed from the basic starting point of a geometric shape and then more intricate details were added after. 

The last building is our favourite, for the bold use of the exterior shape and also because of the lines of wood continuing through the glass to the inside. If they had rendered the walls and painted them white the effect would not have been there at all.
Cite this article:
" Why was the Bauhaus Movement so Important for Modern Architecture? " 12/24/2012 . ArchitectWeekly . Accessed .
" http://www.architectweekly.com/2012/12/why-was-bauhaus-style-so-important.html "