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The Worlds Largest Buildings

1/27/2014

In June 2013, we looked at some of The Worlds Largest Buildings in a compilation which coincidentally became the biggest article we have ever written on this site! Take a look back at some of the Worlds Largest Buildings with some exceptionally big stats!

The buildings, structures and towers that architects and engineers are designing are constantly reaching new heights. The innovative designs of these buildings are allowing us to push the limits of what we previously thought to be unreachable.  We always hear about new technological innovations that have rocketed us even higher into the sky, so we have rounded up the biggest projects that we can find. Prepare yourself for an article displaying the world biggest and best structures...

The World's Tallest Building | Burj Khalifa

(WARNING! If you do not like heights, look away now!) 



Since early 2010, the Burj Khalifa has been the tallest building in the world and has featured many times on ArchitectWeekly as well as in other publications, books, online, in videos as well as films. The Burj Khalifa was designed by American architect, Adrian Smith. The competition for The World's Tallest building is fiercely fought in many countries and with the development of sophisticated technology as well as more advanced architecture, it is likely that it will be soon surpassed and the competition will continue.   

BIG stats:
Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Height (Tip): 829.8 metres (2,722 ft) 
Height (Architectural): 828 metres (2,717 ft) 
Construction Started: January 2004
Opened: 4th January 2010
Cost: $1.5 billion (£972,794,189)
Floor Area: 309, 473 metres squared or 3,331,100 sq ft
Floors: 163

Ever wondered what it is like to clean the windows of the Burj Khalifa? Find out now with the video below (Presented by Dallas Campbell)



The Worlds Tallest Tower | Tokyo Skytree




The Tokyo Sky Tree has been the the worlds tallest tower, after construction was completed in 2011, and the second tallest structure in the world after the Burj Khalifa. The tower was designed by Japanese architecture firm, Nikken Sekkei. There are nine TV broadcasters located within the tower complex, led by NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation).


BIG stats:
Location: Sumida, Tokyo, Japan
Height (Tip): 634.0 metres (2,080 ft)
Height (Top Floor)451.2 m (1,480 ft)
Construction Started: July 2008
Opened: 22nd May 2012
Cost: 65 billion JPY (806 million USD)
Lifts: 13 

The Worlds Biggest Building by Volume | Boeing Everett Factory



This is Boeing's aircraft assembly factory in Everett, Washington. It is the biggest building in the world in terms of volume. This is the central assembly line of Boeing's biggest aircraft including the 747 Jumbo Jet, 767, 777 and all new 787 Dreamliner. The factory officially opened in 1967 after the company was awarded a $525 million USD contract with Pan American Airlines for 25 747's.



BIG stats:
Location: Everett, Washington, United States
Volume: 13,385,378 m3 (472,370,319 cubic ft) 
Land Cover: 399,480 m2 (98.3 acres)
Opened: 1967

The Worlds Tallest Bridge | Millau Viaduct



The Millau Viaduct is a Cable Stayed bridge which spans the Tarn River near Millau in the South of France. It was designed by British Architect, Norman Foster with French structural engineer, Michel Virlogeux to alleviate traffic which originally went through the town of Millau. This was a particular problem in the summer as a sharp increase of tourists travelling from Paris to Spain caused an unsually high level of congestion in the town. 

BIG stats:
French: Le Viaduc de Millau
Location: Millau-Creissels, France 
Height (Highest Mast): 343.0 metres (1,125 ft)
Height (Road)270 metres (890 ft)
Bridge Length: 2460 metres
Construction Started: October 2001
Opened: 16th December 2004
Cost: € 394,000,000 (£335,906,891)

The Worlds Biggest Capacity Stadium | Rungnado May Day Stadium





Yes, North Korea is home to the Worlds Biggest Capacity Stadium, also known as the May Day Stadium. The stadium can hold around 150,000 people for various events. The stadium was built in 1989 and was primarily designed to be used as a Football Stadium. The stadium is eight stories high and has a floor space of over 207,000 m². The stadium is also the 12th largest Sports Venue in the world.



BIG stats:
Location: Pyongyang, Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (North Korea)
Capacity: 150,000 people
Field Dimensions (Main Pitch): 22,500 m²
Field Dimensions (Floor Space): 207,500 m²
Opened: 1st May 1989

The Worlds Busiest Airport | Hartsfield - Jackson Atlanta International Airport





The Hartsfield - Jackson Atlanta International Airport in the United States is the Busiest Airport in the world by passenger traffic and it has held this accolade since 1998. In 2005 it also became the worlds busiest airport in terms of landings and take offs. The airport accommodates 92 million passengers (252,000 passengers daily) and 923,991 flights! In 2012 the airport served 950,119 flight operations and 95,462,867 passengers. The airport has five concrete runways with the longest being 3,776 metres (12,390 ft). 

BIG stats:
Location: Atlanta, Georgia, United States
Serves: City of Atlanta
Hub For: AirTran Airways, Delta Air Lines, GeorgiaSkies, Silver Airways
Runways: 5 (Concrete)
Opened: 15th September 1926 (First Flight)

The Worlds Biggest Container Port | Port of Shanghai




The Port of Shanghai is currently the worlds biggest container port and is part of a ongoing battle for the Worlds Biggest Container Port crown. The battle for this award is fought fiercely and every year, it often switches between the Ports of Shanghai, Singapore and Hong Kong. The Port of Shanghai annually holds and moves 736 million tonnes of cargo in 35.529 million containers (otherwise known as Twenty - Foot Equivalent Units.) The port is split into 3 working zones known as the Yangshan deep water port, Huangpu River and Yangtze River. 

BIG stats:

Chinese: 上海港
Location: Shanghai, Peoples Republic of China
Type of Harbor: Deep Water Seaport/Riverport
Annual Cargo (Tonnes): 736 million in 2012
Opened: 1842

The Worlds Largest Parliament Building | Palace of the Parliament





This is the Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest, Romania and is currently the Worlds Biggest Parliament Building containing both chambers of the Romanian Government. The Palace also holds the awards for the Worlds Largest Civilian Building with an administrative function, most expensive administration building and the Worlds Heaviest Building! The building was designed and constructed during the administration of Nicolae Ceaușescu and his Romanian Communist Party and was designed to be a symbol of power. It is also locally known as the Casa Poporului or People's House


BIG stats:
Romanian: Palatul Parlamentului
Location: Bucharest, Romania
Architectural Style: Neoclassicism 
Height: 270 metres (890 ft) by 240 metres (790 ft), 86 metres (282 ft)
Stories: 12
Underground: 92 metres (302 ft)
Floor Space: 340,000 m2 (3,700,000 sq ft)
Car Parks: 2 Underground Car Parks
Rooms: 1,100
Construction Started: June 1984
Opened: 1997
Cost: € 3 billion (£2,566,150,586.46)

The Worlds Largest Royal Palace | Palace of Versailles



Palace of Versailles
This is the Palace of Versailles in Versailles, France and is currently the Worlds Largest Royal Palace (although it is not the largest Royal Residence which is used currently). Versailles was originally a country village but is now a wealthy suburb of Paris. The Court of Versailles has been a centre of power since 1682 and has been a symbol of the absolute monarchy in France. The Palace has some impressive BIG statistics which are below.

BIG stats:
French: Château de Versaille 
Location: Versaille, France (20km outside Paris)
Floor Area: 67,000 m2
Windows: 2,513
Rooms: 2,300
Staircases: 67
Number of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures and Engravings: 24, 759
Number of Pieces of Furniture: 5,210 
UNESCO World Heritage Site Type: i, ii, vi

The Worlds Largest Hemispherical Building | Ericsson Globe




This is the Ericsson Globe Arena in Stockholm, Sweden and it is the Largest Hemispherical building in the world. It was constructed using a MERO Space Frame which uses hollow steel tubes of which are interconnected to create its eye catching design. It is currently home to Tre Kronor which is Sweden's national men's ice hockey team and the arena has also hosted some major concerts and events. The arena also has a small house on the roof, as well as a railway which can take visitors to the centre of the roof!
BIG stats:
Also Known as: Globen
Location: Stockholm, Sweden
Capacity (Ice Hockey): 13,850
Capacity (Concerts): 16,000
Opened: 19th February 1989

The World's Biggest Building by Floorspace | New Century Global Centre



This is the New Century Global Centre in Chengdu, China and has been the World's Biggest Building in terms of floor space since the 1st July! It is one of the newest Worlds Biggest Buildings and only recently surpassed the long standing Dubai International Airport Terminal 3 building for the title. The New Century Global Centre is a multi-functional  space designed by renowned British - Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid and will contain offices, conference rooms, a university complex, two commercial centres, hotels, an IMAX cinema, a "Mediterranean village", a pirate ship and skating rink. The Centre's main centrepiece will be an amazing 5000 square metre artificial beach with a 150 metre long and 40 metre high screen which will form the horizon and offer sunrises and sunsets.  The Centre has also earned the title of the World's Biggest Standalone Building. 

BIG stats:

Chinese: 新世纪环球中心
Location: Tianfu New Area, Chengdu, China
Floor Area: 1,700,000 m(18,298,600 sq ft)
Height (Architectural)100 m (328 ft)
Construction Started: 2010
Opened: 1st July 2013

The World's Biggest Religious Sites | Angkor Wat



This is Angkor Wat or officially known as Prasat Angkor Wat and it is the World's Biggest Religious Site. It is located in Angkor in Cambodia and is the Largest Hindu and then Buddhist temples as well as the largest religious monument in the world. It was designed at the peak of the Khymer Architectural style and has become a symbol of Cambodia, even featuring on the national flag. 

File:Flag of Cambodia.svg

It was built in the 12th Century by Khymer King Suryavarman II and was the capital of the Khymer Empire.

BIG stats:


Full Name: Prasat Angkor Wat 
Location: AngkorSiem Reap ProvinceCambodia
Floor Area: 1,000,000 m2(11,000,000 sq ft)
Construction: 12th Century
UNESCO World Heritage Criteria: Cultural: (i), (ii), (iii), (iv)

The Worlds Largest Museum | The Louvre




This is The Louvre Museum in Paris, France and is currently the World's Biggest Museum. The museum was established in 1793 and is now the worlds most visited museum with 8.8 million visitors going in 2011. The Louvre is now home to a significant collection of art including the world famous Mona Lisa painting by Leonardo da Vinci.


BIG stats:


French: Musée du Louvre 
Location: Palais Royal, Musée du Louvre, 75001 Paris, France
Floor Area: 210,000 m² (2,260,421 sq ft)
Established: 1793
Visitors in 2011: 8.8 million

The Worlds Largest Casino and Single Structure Hotel | The Venetian Macao




This is The Venetian Macao in China and it is currently the Worlds Biggest Casino as well as being the Worlds Biggest Single Structure Hotel (as well as being the sixth largest building in the world by floor area). It is currently owned by the Las Vegas Sands Corporation and is home to 3000 Suites, 3200 slot machines, 800 gambling tables and 15,000 seat multifunctional, CotaiArena. The complex consists of 1,200,000 sq ft (110,000 m2) of convention space, 1,600,000 sq ft (150,000 m2) of retail and 550,000 square feet (51,000 m2) of casino space. The building is 40 stories high and cost $2.4 billion to construct. 

BIG stats:


Chinese: 澳門威尼斯人度假村酒店 
Location: Cotai Strip, Macau, S.A.R. of China 
Total Gaming Space: 550,000 sq ft (51,000 m2)
Floors: 40
Cost: $2.4 billion
Opened: 28 August 2007
Architects: Aedas with HKS, Inc
Owned by: Las Vegas Sands

The Worlds Biggest Department Store | Shinsegae Centum City

(If you like Shopping, this is the place for you!)





This is the Shinsegae Centum City Department Store in South Korea and it is the Worlds Biggest Department Store. The Shinsegae Centum City has 509,810m2 (5,487,594.84 sq. ft.) of floor space in the centre of South Korea's second biggest city, Busan. The complex cost $1.09 billion (USD) and was designed by number one retail designers, Callison.

" Centum City is rapidly becoming the centre of Busan's retail industry. It offers something for everyone and has quickly become a hub for the immediate community and surrounding area. "
- Bill Lacey, Callison Principal
   
BIG stats:


Korean: 주식회사 신세계 株式會社新世界 
Location: Busan, South Korea
Floor Space: 509,810m2 (5,487,594.84 sq. ft.)
Cost: $1.09 billion
Architects: Callison
Owned by: Shinsegae
Cite this article:
" The Worlds Largest Buildings " 1/27/2014 . ArchitectWeekly . Accessed .
" http://www.architectweekly.com/2014/01/the-worlds-largest-buildings_27.html "
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